Dr Erin Warriner Clinical Psychologist
Clinical Psychologists & Neuropsychologists
Assessment & Treatment
Serving Hamilton, Halton, Brant, Niagara and surrounding regions.
Home Assessments Interventions Fees Contact Info

Cogmed Working Memory Training™
We have offered Cogmed Working Memory Training™ since 2011. Cogmed is an evidence-based intensive cognitive training program designed to improve working memory capacity. The program consists of 5 weeks of intensive training, about 30-40 minutes of computerized exercises for 5 days a week.

Here are some of the reasons why we became interested in offering Cogmed Working Memory Training™:
Relevance & Utility. Working memory is a pivotal cognitive function that has wide-ranging impact on an individual’s daily life and can affect academic and work performance.

For example, working memory constraints can affect our ability to:

  • sustain attention/focus
  • listen, comprehend and follow through on instructions
  • tune out distractions
  • independently get started on and complete tasks
  • process new information and learn
  • read fluently and understand and retain what is read
  • complete mental math or multi-step calculations
  • plan ahead and sequence activities
  • keep our belongings in order and organized
  • monitor our behaviour and control impulses
Innovative. Cogmed Working Memory Training™ is based on the cutting-edge research on brain plasticity and designed by the neuroscientists that showed working memory capacity can be improved by targeted, intensive systematic training.

High Quality. Independent research studies have documented that at least 80% of users show benefits—in that effects from Cogmed training were generalized to everyday life and sustained over time.

Convenience. The computerized daily training sessions can be completed at home.

Support. Consistency, motivation and optimal training are emphasized with personalized weekly support provided by Cogmed certified coaches working under the Neuropsychologist's supervision.

Who can benefit?
Anyone interested in improving their working memory capacity. Programs are available for children, teens, adults and seniors (from age 4 years and up).

Working memory can be affected in a variety of conditions, including but not limited to:

  • Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Asperger syndrome / Autism
  • Premature / Low Birth Weight
  • Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Stroke & Other Neurological Conditions
  • Aging / Mild Cognitive Impairment
  • Anxiety
For more information and user stories, check out the website: www.cogmed.com. Please contact our office to discuss Cogmed Working Memory Training™ and to see if the program is a good fit for you or your family member.

Cogmed Qualified Practice

Cognitive Neurorehabilitation & Individual Psychological Therapy
Do you feel overwhelmed, stressed out, anxious, depressed or are you having difficulties with managing your emotions? Are these issues affecting your ability to participate in daily activities, school or work, or influencing your family, partner or peer relationships?

Has a significant event in your life or the onset of a neurological condition, injury or motor vehicle accident left you struggling with changes and losses?

Are you looking for strategies/support to improve your emotional well-being or cognitive functioning and minimize the impact these struggles have on your daily living?

How can treatment help?
Depending on the presenting issues, needs, and goals of the individual, some of the following may be obtained through the collaborative work during our therapy interventions:

  • Gain a fuller perspective on your circumstances and deeper understanding about how your style of thinking can influence your emotions and behaviour
  • Learn ways to facilitate cognitive functioning, compensate for deficits in everyday life, and improve confidence, productivity and quality of life
  • Develop more healthy ways to cope with stressors, changes, and losses
  • Reduce emotional distress or psychological symptoms, such as depression, anger and anxiety, that interfere with your life and feel more in control of your life and choices
  • Develop improved problem-solving, communication and interpersonal skills and work toward experiencing meaning and fulfillment in life
  • Learn strategies to support your child/adolescent/partner/family member in managing anxiety, mood disturbance or challenging behaviours
Who can benefit?
Some of the following represent common concerns/difficulties addressed in therapy:

  • Attentional/Behavioural Dysregulation
  • Poor Organization/Planning
  • Depression
  • Phobias/Fears
  • Low Self-esteem
  • Coping with Lifestyle Changes/Loss
  • Chronic Pain/Illness
  • Disruptive Behaviours & Parenting Challenges
  • Forgetfulness
  • Difficulties with Decision-making/Problem-solving
  • Anxiety/Worry
  • Anger Control/Irritability
  • Relationship Difficulties
  • Stress Management
  • Bereavement/Grief

Quantitative EEG / Brain Mapping Evaluations & Neurofeedback for Adults (18 years +)
What is Quantitative EEG / Brain Mapping?
EEG, or Electroencephalogram, is the measurement of electrical potentials at different locations on the scalp, reflecting the electrical activity of cortical neurons in the brain. Neurons in the brain (and also other parts of the body) communicate with each other using electrical signals. The signals are very weak by the time they get to the scalp, so they need to be amplified, and can then be seen on a monitor. QEEG is the quantified EEG that mathematically analyses properties of the electrical signals, such as wavelength and height, and compares them to individuals of a similar age. It provides detailed information about each of the different measured locations, or electrode sites, and relationships between the locations reflecting communication between different areas of the brain. We know that brain injuries and concussions, as well as learning disorders, anxiety/high arousal, and depression are associated with changes in wavelengths and communication between different brain regions, and this is measured by the QEEG. It is a highly sensitive measure and also reliable if conducted by someone with proper training. QEEG can be completed as a distinct evaluation, as a supplement to a neuropsychological evaluation, and/or as a baseline evaluation to inform Neurofeedback training (see below).

What is involved with a QEEG procedure and how to prepare?
QEEG is noninvasive, and not painful. It is a measurement of the electrical activity of one’s brain, in the same way that a thermometer measures the temperature of one’s body. In preparation, individuals are asked to come to the QEEG appointment with washed and dry hair without any hair products in it. A cap with electrodes on it is placed on the head. The end of a Q-tip is used to ensure that the hair is not in the way of the electrodes, and a small amount of pumice paste used to clean the surface of the scalp at each electrode location. A small amount of jell is injected into each electrode to provide a good connection with the scalp. Two electrodes are also placed on the earlobes, or sometimes behind the ears. After ensuring that each electrode is functioning properly, the EEG is recorded for approximately 10-15 minutes while the person is sitting relaxed in a chair, with eyes open, and with eyes closed. This process takes approximately one hour. Later, the data is analyzed by the neuropsychologist using specialized software to look for patterns and compare it back to a large normative database.

What is Neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback is a form of biofeedback wherein the individual learns to make changes to certain physiological indicators, such as EEG, Heart Rate, or Passive Infrared Hemoencephalography (blood flow). The brain is considered a dynamic (changing) neural system, and neurofeedback allows people to learn to self-regulate this system. This learning occurs during games, movies, music, or other stimuli that are designed to respond to changes in the physiological indicator. For example, in EEG neurofeedback, the measured EEG (brain waves) are fed back into computer software that changes the images or sounds, and the client learns to change the images or sounds, alter their own mental state and change their brain waves. Thus, the brain wave activity can be trained (like in meditation or yoga), and ultimately, the individual trained with neurofeedback learns to self-regulate.

Who can benefit?
Neurofeedback has been shown to be helpful for a variety of areas, including mood issues, anxiety/hyperarousal, chronic pain and headache, and attention/learning problems.

For more information about Quantitative EEG and Neurofeedback, please refer to the following organization’s websites:
  • International Society for Neurofeedback and Research: www.isnr.org
  • Biofeedback Certification International Alliance: www.bcia.org

Education & Consultation

Consultations and educational sessions are available for families, rehabilitation teams, professional practitioners, school personnel, lawyers, etc.

Not sure exactly what you’re looking for? Please feel free to contact us with any questions or to determine whether our services would be applicable to your individual situation.


Developmental & School Entry Educational Planning Assessments (~18 months to 6 years)

Psycho-educational & Clinical Diagnostic Assessments (~7 to 21 years)

Neuropsychological & Clinical Diagnostic Assessments (All ages from 5 years +)

Neurocognitive Screening Assessments for Seniors

Cogmed Working Memory Training™ (All ages from 4 years +)

Cognitive Neurorehabilitation & Individual Psychological Therapy

Quantitative EEG / Brain Mapping Evaluations & Neurofeedback for Adults (18 years +)

Education & Consultation


Online Form

Phone: (905) 643-1877
Fax: (905) 643-4941

Office Location:
The Hamilton Business Park
1100 South Service Road, Suite 224
Hamilton, ON
L8E 0C5

Easily accessed - just off the QEW Niagara, located between Fruitland Rd & Fifty Rd

Also providing psychological and neuropsychological services to residents of:
  • Oakville
  • Burlington
  • St. Catharines
  • Niagara Falls
  • Brantford
  • Guelph

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